Jallikattu Protest Day
The Jallikatu Protest Day or Pro-Jallikattu Movement or Thai Puratchi honours the young groups who protested against the Supreme Court’s order to ban Jallikattu (Sallikattu or Eru Thazhuvuthal or Manju Virattu). They protested for nearly 15 days (January 8-23, 2017) in several locations around the world. Jallikattu is a traditional Tamilnadu festival or Tamil Bull Taming Sport which is held at the time of Pongal. The Jallikattu has conducted annually on the second day of the Tamil Month named “Thai.” The Jallikattu Sport was banned by the supreme court in a decision mentioning cruelty to bull based on the lawsuit filed by the animal rights activists group, PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals). According to PETA, Jallikattu sport violates the Prevention of Cruelty to Animal Act (PCA). Thus Jallikattu Protest Day was started on January 8, 2017, with several young groups protested at the Marina Beach in Chennai to remove the ban on Jallikattu which was imposed in 2014. After the 15 days of Protest, Government of Tamil Nadu passed a bill to amend the PCA act. The Jallikattu Protest Day or Pro-Jallikattu Movement is described as the symbol for Tamil Pride, and it has been compared to the anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu. In Tamil, the Jallikattu Protest Day was called as “Thai Puratchi (தை புரட்சி).”
(Note: Jallikattu Protest Day is not an official Day. As it is concerned to be the symbol for Tamil Pride, Happydays-365.com is proud to announce January 8-23 as Jallikattu Protest Day and it will be celebrated in the upcoming years. Click here to Register Your National Day on our site.)
History of Jallikattu Protest Day
Jallikattu is the tradition bull taming sport in Tami Nadu held on the second day of Pongal where the Berserk Bull will be released into the crowd, and the participants will attempt to grab and hold on the bull’s hump with the aim of removing the packet of money tied on the bull’s horns. The Jallikattu is considered to be 2500-10,00 years old, and the primary event will be held in the Alanganallur. During the game, injuries or even death may occur to the participants. Even though the breeders of bull says that the Bulls are treated well, PETA asserts its investigators found that the Bulls suffer cruel treatment in the manner of twisting tails, stabbing, punching and jumping on them. In 2006, the Madras High Court was the first to order that jallikattu was not permissible under the PCAA. However, jallikattu have been allowed through various legal and extralegal means; the most recent is the Tamil Nadu Regulation of Jallikattu Act No 27, passed by the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and signed into law in 2009. In January 2011, Hema Malini appealed to the Ministry of Environment and Forests to ban Jallikatu and it is responded by the issuing the notification that the bulls are longer will be used as performing animals in India. In April 2011, PETA announced that it would challenge the 2009 Tamil Nadu law as unconstitutional. On 7 May 2014, PETA, represented by Raj Panjwani, along with the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), struck down the 2009 Tamil Nadu law. Before the 2016 Jallikattu, centre reversed its earlier decision and Ministry of Environment once again removed the bulls from the list of banned performing animals on January 7, 2016. But, within the five days of the announcement from the centre, the Supreme Court issued a stay order on 12 January 2016, effectively banning the traditional sport of Tamilnadu. In preparation for the 2017 Jallikattu, multiple petitions were filed to get the Supreme Court to review; and once again they were all denied.
Then the Jallikattu Protest Day was started on January 4, but the mass protest didn’t begin until two weeks later. On January 16, 2017, the people of the alanganallur protested at the alanganallur “Vaadi-Vaasal”, the place where the Jallikattu is known for. On the same day, the jallikattu was also practised in defiance of the ban. After the protest, Police arrested nearly 200 people in Madurai. IN Support of those people, several young groups were gathered in the Marina Beach on January 17, 2017. Accidentally, the day coincided with the birth anniversary of Former Cheif Minister of Tamil Nadu, M.G.Ramachadran(M.G.R). The crowd started to swell for the night, and some of them spend their night in marina beach. Then the protest around the state including the districts like Salem, Coimbatore, Erode, Trichy, Pudhucherry and Nagercoil. On January 19, 2017, many youth groups and individuals were gathered at the Marina Beach with the aim of removing the ban on Jallikattu.
Then the deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, O.Paneerselvam met Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and pushed for an ordinance. On January 20, 2017, the chief minister of Tamil Nadu announced that a law had been drafted and forwarded to the Central Government, stating, “There are full possibilities that jallikattu will be organised within few days.” On January 20, 2017, Marina Beach witnessed nearly 20lacs of people. But the Jallikattu Protest Day was continued on January 21, 2017, with people demanding for the permanent solution. The State Government promulgated the ordinance and announced that Jallikattu would be conducted in the next day. But the students refused to budge, as they believe the law has flimsy legal grounds and it can be overturned much like overturning of the 2009 ordinance by the supreme court. On January 22, 2017, the government tried to conduct the Jallikattu despite the fact that the people demanded the permanent solution. Then the protestors ad successfully blocked the sport from being organised as Government festival. On the early morning of January 23. 2017, police started early morning forceful evictions and moved the people from the beach by hand and employing batons. Some of the people in the Marina were threatened to the venture into the sea, but eventually, most of the protesters were removed, and access to the protest site was cut off. The evictions led to further protesters and threatening to boycott the upcoming Republic Day celebrations in Chennai Marina beach. On January 24, 2017, the students decided to call off their Jallikattu protest after a discussion with police and a district court judge, taking the Tamil Nadu ordinance and planned law as a victory but promised to restart the Jallikattu Protest Day, if there was no permanent solution for jallikattu by 1 February. Still now, the legal situation surrounding the Jallikattu is not resolved.
Jallikattu Protest Day Images
How to honour Jallikattu Protest Day
On the second day of Pongal (January 15, 2018), Jallikattu sport will be conducted in the several districts around the Tamil Nadu. With your family members and friends, you can have a visit to the place where the traditional sport is conducted. Jallikattu Protest Day is the perfect day to read about the history of Jallikattu. If you have children, tell the history of Jallikattu and tradition of our Tamil Nadu to your children. Post your Jallikattu Protest Day celebrations and your thoughts about the Jallikattu on the social media by using the hashtag #Jallikattu.
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